URBAN ENERGY PROJECT OF THE AREAS UNDER DEVELOPMENT OR FOR THE RECONSTRUCTION OF NATURAL DISASTERS

In the development or reconstruction phase of depressed or destroyed by natural events geographical areas, attention must be paid to how we intend to distribute and manage the supply of electricity to future neighborhoods. We cannot think of a reconstruction without taking into account how the new built-up areas will feed.

The old way of thinking, largely abandoned, is the power supply system of the electricity grid from a single large power plant, regardless of the source used.

This type of distribution creates several problems for the distribution network:

 

Loss of energy transported

Large distribution plants

High maintenance costs

Possibility of blackouts and outages

Large transformer rooms.

Thinking about a modern and interconnected system with low costs of building the networks and of an easy use of them, the hypotheses are three:

 

  1. To equip every single house with a solar energy production system with electric storage and solar thermal for the needs of sanitary water (DHW). Depending on the type of house, the power will be established = A) Top - B) Medium - C) Standard

  2. Mini district power plants with accumulation for night and public redistribution

  3. Smart Grid for the interconnection of Mini Centers and all users in larger areas

HOUSES AS AN ENERGY MODEL USING SOLAR ENERGY

1 B - Photovoltaic and solar thermal system for individual Medium homes - Model B.

Each individual house will be equipped with a photovoltaic system with capturing power (panels) of 3.5 kWp and a 2 kWh battery storage system. The photovoltaic system, in addition to the roof, could be installed on car shelters or porches resting on the house itself. Induction cookers are also powered by electricity, no longer needing other sources of power.

The solar thermal system instead will be n. 2 high yield panels with 150 Lt tank for hot water without the aid of other sources.

The house becomes autonomous to 70% of needs.

1 C - Photovoltaic and solar thermal system for individual Standard houses - Model C.

Each individual house will be equipped with a photovoltaic system with capturing power (panels) of 2 kWp and a 1 kWh battery storage system. The photovoltaic system, in addition to the roof, could be installed on car shelters or porches resting on the house itself. Induction cookers are also powered by electricity, no longer needing other sources of power.

The solar thermal system instead will be n. 1 high yield panels with 100 Lt tank for hot water without the aid of other sources.

1 A - Photovoltaic and solar thermal system for each TOP Model A house.

Each individual house will be equipped with a photovoltaic system with capturing power (panels) of 5 kWp and a 3 kWh battery storage system. The photovoltaic system, in addition to the roof, could be installed on car shelters or porches resting on the house itself. Induction cookers are also powered by electricity, no longer needing other sources of power.

The solar thermal system instead will be n. 2 high yield panels with 200 Lt tank for hot water without the aid of other sources.

The house becomes autonomous to 80% of needs.

The house becomes autonomous to 60% of needs.

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Flat roof system
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Loggia leaning against wall
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Solar Thermal System on Flat Roof
High Efficiency
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Carport with Foundation
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Car shelter with ballasts
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Carport with Recharge Station
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MINI POWER STATIONS WITH INTEGRATION AND POWER SUPPLY FOR COMMON GOODS

2 - Mini Central district with large accumulation for night and public redistribution

 

To think that the previous solutions are sufficient for each neighborhood is wrong. To make a neighborhood autonomous or multiple of it, we must build a photovoltaic power plant with correctly designed storage systems, which also takes into account the remaining night needs. It is hypothesized to also feed public areas (streets, squares, public lighting etc.), public control systems, telephone repeaters etc. etc.

Furthermore, an economy will be created on Production - Sale - Management of Produced Energy.

The control unit will have to be positioned adjacent to the neighborhood and interconnected with each individual user through a micro electric network and prepared for future connections to the Smart Grid.

 

The Powers are assumed to be 50% for the Public service and 50% for the Private service:

 

 

 

I dentifying a neighborhood with about 300 houses and related public activities, the Mini Centrale will be composed as follows:

 

  • Collecting power (Panels): 300 kWp

  • Battery system: 80 kwh

  • FWC control system for managing individual meters and accounting for energy consumed by individual users.

Possible systems:

 

A) Fixed type on the ground with insertion poles

B) Mobile type against Hurricanes - Mini-power station ENIBOX @ 300

THE SMART GRID DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AND ITS DEVELOPMENT

3 - Smart Grid for the interconnection of Mini Power Plants

The Mini Centers will be connected to each other with dedicated backbones and will connect to each other to create the SMART GRID ENERGY. All energy produced and stored will be exchanged and used by any user day or night.

EVERYONE WILL HAVE ENERGY ALWAYS

All controlled and managed with the IOT - FWC system with which to manage the energy flows between the various Mini Centers and users, accounting for the energy used for both the private and the public part.

The construction of a SMART GRID project even if carried out in various phases and not all together, allows you to connect to other Smart Grid systems of neighboring counties that have created or will create the same network in the future. And so to others and others creating a well balanced and redistributed distribution.

We can also connect to the Grid other Production Plants such as Wind, Hydroelectric, Biomass or even generating sets in the event of a disaster, always respecting small powers and many interconnections. The connection lines can also be of the underground type (not subject to destruction) because they do not require large sections like traditional networks.

SMART GRID

the FUTURE is already PRESENT

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Realization PV Type

ENIBOX Mobile system for laying on the floor

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